Facts and Figures Title
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  • The general assembly of the United Nations recommended that beginning in 1956, all countries institute the universal Children´s day.
  • The objective of this recommendation was to reaffirm the universal rights of children.
  • Many countries in Latin America celebrate Children’s day or “El Día del Niño”.
  • The calendar day on which “El Día del Niño” is celebrated varies from country to country.
  • Below are some of the dates “El Día del Niño” is celebrated in Latin America:
    • Colombia celebrates “El Día del Niño” the last Saturday in April.
    • México celebrates “El Día del Niño” April 30th.
    • Paraguay celebrates “El Día del Niño” May 31st.
    • Venezuela celebrates “El Día del Niño” the 3rd Sunday of June.
    • Uruguay celebrates “El Día del Niño” August 9th.
    • Chile celebrates “El Día del Niño” the 2nd Sunday in August.
    • Perú celebrates “El Día del Niño” the 3rd Sunday in August.
  • Some of the customs or activities that take place on “El Día del Niño” include going to the movies, children dressing up in costumes, and parading through the town.
  • Most movie theaters show free movies on “El Día del Niño”.
  • Some cities in the Unites States, especially those that have large Hispanic populations, have “El Día del Niño” celebrations.
  • The United Nations established November 20th as International Children’s Day. It is a special observance to promote the well being of the world's children.
  • The human rights of children and the standards to which all governments must aspire in realizing these rights for all children were articulated in an international human rights treaty: the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The guiding standards set by the world community on the Convention include:
    • Children are individuals.
    • The healthy development of children is crucial to the future well-being of any society.
    • Children start life as totally dependent beings.
    • The actions – or inactions – of government impact children more strongly than any other group in society.
    • Children's views are rarely heard and rarely considered in the political process.
    • Many changes in society are having a disproportionate – and often negative – impact on children.
    • The costs to society of failing its children are huge.
    • The global trend of urbanization has taken an especially severe toll on children.
  • The Convention of the Rights of the Child is one of the most universally recognized and accepted human rights instruments in history. It has been ratified by every country in the world except two, Somalia and the United States.
  • Somalia is currently unable to proceed to ratification as it has no recognized government. The United States has signed the convention, signaling its intention to ratify, but has not yet ratified the convention. The United States, like many countries undertakes an extensive examination and scrutiny of treaties before proceeding to ratify. This process includes an evaluation of the degree of compliance with the exiting laws and practices of the country at the state and federal level and this can take several years. For example, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide took more than 30 years to be ratified in the United States.
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