- The general assembly of the United Nations
recommended that beginning in 1956, all countries institute
the universal Children´s day.
- The objective of
this recommendation was to reaffirm the universal
rights of children.
- Many countries in Latin America
day or “El Día del Niño”.
calendar day on which “El Día del
Niño” is celebrated varies from country
- Below are some of the dates “El
del Niño” is celebrated in Latin America:
celebrates “El Día del Niño” the
last Saturday in April.
- México celebrates “El
del Niño” April 30th.
- Paraguay celebrates “El
- Venezuela celebrates “El Día
del Niño” the
3rd Sunday of June.
- Uruguay celebrates “El
- Chile celebrates “El Día
del Niño” the
2nd Sunday in August.
- Perú celebrates “El
del Niño” the
3rd Sunday in August.
- Some of the customs or activities that take
place on “El Día del Niño” include
going to the movies, children dressing up in costumes,
and parading through the town.
- Most movie theaters show
free movies on “El Día
- Some cities in the Unites
States, especially those that have large Hispanic
populations, have “El
Día del Niño” celebrations.
United Nations established November 20th as International
Children’s Day. It is a special observance
to promote the well being of the world's children.
human rights of children and the standards to which
all governments must aspire in realizing these
rights for all children were articulated in an international
human rights treaty: the Convention on the Rights
of the Child. The guiding standards set by the
on the Convention include:
- Children are individuals.
- The healthy development
of children is crucial to the future well-being
of any society.
- Children start life as totally
- The actions – or inactions – of
government impact children more strongly
than any other group
- Children's views are rarely
heard and rarely considered in the political
- Many changes in society are having
a disproportionate – and
often negative – impact on children.
costs to society of failing its children
- The global trend of urbanization
has taken an especially severe
toll on children.
- The Convention of the Rights of the Child
is one of the most universally recognized and accepted
human rights instruments in history. It has been ratified
by every country in the world except two, Somalia and
the United States.
- Somalia is currently unable to proceed
to ratification as it has no recognized government.
The United States
has signed the convention, signaling its intention
to ratify, but has not yet ratified the convention.
The United States, like many countries undertakes
an extensive examination and scrutiny of treaties before
proceeding to ratify. This process includes an evaluation
of the degree of compliance with the exiting laws
practices of the country at the state and federal
level and this can take several years. For example,
on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
Genocide took more than 30 years to be ratified in